Climate Control

While many large in-plant office installations will be integrated with centralized HVAC systems, smaller buildings are typically outfitted with wall mounted climate control units. PortaFab will specify the proper unit for your space and then provide wall panels with aluminum-framed cutouts to accommodate the system. These units are typically purchased along with PortaFab's electrical package to ensure that the in-plant office is properly wired.


Air Conditioning & HVAC Systems

Standard air conditioning options include complete HVAC systems or air conditioning only systems. Framed cutouts are available for those who want to install their own systems.

To help you estimate the properly sized unit, refer to the following chart that is based on a room with normal insulation and two person occupancy.

   
6000 BTU A/C unit.11,600 BTU combination heater/AC unit.Larger office structures can be integrated with centralized HVAC systems.

 

Area to Be Cooled
in Square Feet
Approximate Cooling
btu/h Required
100-1505,000
150-2506,000
250-3007,000
300-3508,000
350-4009,000
400-45010,000
450-55012,000
550-70014,000
700-100018,000
1000-120021,000
1200-140023,000
1400-150024,000
1500-200030,000
2000-250034,000
 

Example: 20’ x 40’ office = 800 square feet

5 people will occupy the office

Using the chart, 18,000 btu/h are recommended + 500 btu/h for each person over two
(3 x 500 = 1,500 btu/h.)

Total needed for 800 square foot office with 5 people:

18,000 + 1,500 = 19,500 btu/h

Although HVAC units are available in the above mentioned sizes, it is better to supply two units half the size located at either end of the building to provide more even distribution.

Add 500 btu/h per person over two people.
Add 4,000 btu/h if area is a kitchen.

The above chart is provided for ESTIMATING PURPOSES only. Individual requirements vary based on part of the country, plant heating/cooling loads, etc… If a more accurate figure is required, please consult the services of a qualified engineer.


Heating

 
Baseboard heaters provide a cost effective alternative for some modular offices.

The most common way to heat a modular office is to include a combination heater/AC unit.  Baseboard heaters, however, can also be used.  To specify your heating requirements, you can estimate that you will need 7 watts of electric heat per square foot of floor space for a unit with an 8’ ceiling height. The number of watts calculated x 3.4 = total btu’s.

Example:
16’ x 16’ office = 256 square feet
256 s/f x 7 watts = 1,792 watts
1,792 watts x 3.4 = 6,092 btu/h

 


Ventilation

 
Standard exhaust fan.

The amount of ventilation required in an office or building is based on the application of the room as well as the number of expected occupants. For example, a smoking enclosure would require more ventilation than a regular office. The design requirements will either be listed as:

Cubic Foot Requirements – A fractional formula based on .15 cubic foot requirements.

Example:
12’ x 12’ x 8’ ceiling = 1,152 cubic feet
1,152 c/f x .15 = 173 CFM’s

 

Air Changes Per Hour

Example:
How many air cleaners are needed to substantially remove cigarette smoke from a 28’ x 40’ office with a 14’ ceiling.

  • 28’ x 40’ x 14’ = 15,680 cubic feet
  • Determine volume of air to be circulated each hour (e.g 10 air changes per hour would substantially reduce the smoke)
    • 15,680 c/f x 10 air changes/hr
    • 156,800 c.f./hour
    • 156,800 c.f./hour/60min/hr = 2613 c.f./minute
  • Determine # of air cleaners needed. (Desired Circulation – Air Cleaner Capacity)
    • 2,613 CFM – 1,000 CFM = 2.6 (2 or 3 units)

 

Sizing by Occupants

Example:
A restaurant occupies an average of 50 people. (use the ASHRAE recommended minimum of 35 CFM per person.) 50 people x 35 CFM per person = 1,750 CFM

1,750 CFM/1,000 CFM = 1.75 (1 or 2 units)

The above information is provided for ESTIMATING PURPOSES only. Individual requirements vary based on part of the country, plant ventilation needs, etc…If a more accurate figure is required, please consult the services of a qualified engineer.

 


Exterior Buildings

Due to the fact that climactic conditions vary so much upon regions and location of the building, it is very difficult to estimate the ideal btu’s needed for each application. Certain conditions, however, will assist in your calculations:

  1. Very sunny area with maximum glass for visibility – 1 ton per 150 s/f
  2. Heavily shaded area – reduce capacity 10%
  3. Active traffic through door or constantly opening a sliding window – 1 ton per 75-100 s/f